Programs 100% Array Owned Please click on a name below to view more information.
(Partnered with AstraZeneca/Currently in Phase 2)
We initiated a MEK program in July 2001 and quickly identified selumetinib (AZD6244/ARRY-886), an orally active clinical candidate. In December 2003, we entered into an out-licensing and collaboration agreement with AstraZeneca to develop our MEK program solely in the field of oncology. Under our collaboration with AstraZeneca, we conducted Phase 1 clinical testing of selumetinib in 2004. The trial evaluated tolerability and pharmacokinetics of selumetinib following oral administration to patients with advanced cancer. In addition, the trial examined patients for indications of biological activity as well as pharmacodynamic and tumor biomarkers. Selumetinib inhibited the MEK pathway in tumor tissue at the dose that was later selected for Phase 2 studies and provided prolonged disease stabilization in a number of cancer patients who had previously received numerous other cancer therapies. AstraZeneca is responsible for further clinical development and commercialization for selumetinib and for clinical development and commercialization for the other two compounds it licensed.
In June 2006, AstraZeneca initiated a Phase 2 study for selumetinib in malignant melanoma, resulting in a $3 million milestone payment to us. The trial was a randomized Phase 2 study that compared selumetinib to Temodar® (temozolomide) in the treatment of patients with stage III/IV melanoma. AstraZeneca enrolled approximately 180 patients at 40 centers worldwide. AstraZeneca also initiated additional Phase 2 studies for selumetinib in colorectal, pancreatic and non-small cell lung cancer during 2006. In March 2007, AstraZeneca reported that it dosed its first cancer patient in a Phase 1 clinical trial with AZD8330, triggering a $2 million milestone payment to us. The trial is ongoing.
In 2008, AstraZeneca presented Phase 1 clinical trial results at the American Society of Clinical Oncology, or ASCO, annual meeting of a new selumetinib capsule formulation that replaces the mix/drink formulation used in all prior trials to that time. AstraZeneca reported that the new capsule's maximum tolerated dose was 25% lower yet provided, on average, higher exposure than historical values for the mix/drink formulation. The study also reported a complete response in one of the patients. AstraZeneca also presented the following Phase 2 clinical trial results of selumetinib at ASCO:
- Selumetinib compared to Alimta® (pemetrexed) in 84 non-small cell lung cancer, or NSCLC, patients; neither of these drugs demonstrated superior efficacy.
- Selumetinib compared to Temodar in patients with advanced melanoma; results showed no difference between the two treatment arms in the overall population comparing the safety and tolerability profile for selumetinib and were consistent with the results reported from the Phase 1 trial.
- Selumetinib compared to Xeloda in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer; results showed that selumetinib was generally well tolerated, with neither of these drugs demonstrating superior efficacy.
- In patients suffering from melanomas with RAF mutations in clinical trials, selumetinib provided partial responses in two out of 14 patients using the mix/drink formulation and a complete response in one out of eight patients using the new capsule formulation.
Further, AstraZeneca presented at the 2009 American Association for Cancer Research annual meeting results on a Phase 2 trial of selumetinib that showed a 12% overall response rate among patients with biliary tract cancer.
In 2010, AstraZeneca presented Phase 1 clinical trial results at the ASCO annual meeting with the new selumetinib capsule formulation. This study evaluated two doses of selumetinib (50 mg BID and 75 mg BID) in combination with four different chemotherapies: DTIC® (dacarbazine) (1000 mg/m2), docetaxel (75 mg/m2), erlotinib (100 mg daily) or temsirolimus (25 mg weekly). The study enrolled 25 melanoma patients, 18 of which had evaluable tumors. Fourteen out of the 18 patients were treated with selumetinib plus DTIC, three with selumetinib plus docetaxel and one with selumetinib plus temsirolimus. Sixty-seven percent of these patients had previously failed at least one prior systemic treatments. Of the 18 patients, nine had BRAF mutations and nine had wild-type BRAF. Of those patients with BRAF mutations, five had a partial response, four had stable disease with a median time-to-progression of 31 weeks. Of the nine patients with wild-type BRAF, five had stable disease and four had progressive disease with a median time-to-progression of eight weeks. The median time to progression difference between BRAF mutant and wild-type BRAF was statistically significant (p=0.01, Wilcoxon rank-sum test). Selumetinib plus chemotherapy had a 56% response rate in patients with BRAF mutations, whereas no responses were observed in patients with wild-type BRAF. Therefore, BRAF mutation-status appears to predict clinical response in this combination. This is the first disclosed efficacy data with the new formulation of selumetinib, which provides twice the drug exposure at the preferred dose.
AstraZeneca has reported that it is currently recruiting patients for the following Phase 2 trials:
- Selumetinib in combination with DTIC versus DTIC alone in patients with BRAF mutation positive melanoma. This trial has completed enrollment of 80 patients.
- Selumetinib in combination with Taxotere versus Taxotere alone in patients with KRAS mutation positive NSCLC. This trial has completed enrollment of 80 patients.
- Selumetinib or temozolomide in patients with metastatic melanoma of the eye. One hundred fifty-nine patients are anticipated to enroll in this trial.
- Selumetinib in combination with irinotecan in second line patients with KRAS or BRAF mutation positive advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer. Fifty-seven patients are anticipated to enroll in this trial.
In addition, selumetinib is being investigated in a number of studies conducted by the National Cancer Institute in collaboration with AstraZeneca. And in June 2009, AstraZeneca and Merck & Co., Inc. announced a collaboration to research selumetinib in combination with MK-2206 from Merck in a Phase 1 trial in patients with solid tumors. Preclinical evidence indicates that combined administration of these compounds could enhance their anticancer properties. This is the first time that two large pharmaceutical companies have established a collaboration to evaluate the potential for combining drug candidates at such an early stage of development. The collaboration will more quickly advance a potentially promising anticancer treatment. In general, such combinations would only be studied when one or both of the drugs has entered late-stage development or received marketing approval.
(InterMune Collaboration/Currently in Phase 2)
From 2002 to 2007, scientists from Array and InterMune collaborated on the discovery of novel small molecule inhibitors of the Hepatitis C Virus, or HCV, NS3/4A protease. During the collaboration, the companies jointly discovered danoprevir, which InterMune is now developing in partnership with Roche. During 2006, we produced and delivered cGMP clinical supplies of danoprevir, and InterMune initiated a Phase 1 clinical trial. The Phase 1 trial was a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study and danoprevir demonstrated substantial antiviral activity (median HCV RNA reductions up to 3.8 log10) when administered as monotherapy for 14 days to patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection.
During 2008, InterMune advanced danoprevir in a Phase 1b multiple ascending dose clinical trial evaluating danoprevir in combination with standard of care therapies in treatment-naive patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection. InterMune reported the following results from the trial:
- Danoprevir in combination with standard of care resulted in rapid and persistent reductions in HCV RNA in the patients.
- Viral rebound was not observed in any patients receiving the treatment and danoprevir in combination with standard of care was safe and generally well-tolerated over 14 days.
During 2009, InterMune initiated a Phase 2b trial evaluating danoprevir in combination with standard of care therapies. In April 2010, InterMune announced top-line results from a planned interim analysis of the trial. Danoprevir was administered at either 300 mg three times daily, 600 mg twice daily or 900 mg twice daily for 12 weeks in combination with PEGASYS® (pegylated interferon alfa-2a) and COPEGUS® (ribavirin), compared with placebo for the same duration plus PEGASYS and COPEGUS. In November 2009, InterMune reported that due to a safety signal, dosing in the 900 mg group had been stopped. InterMune reported that results from the study indicate danoprevir plus PEGASYS and COPEGUS are capable of achieving complete early virologic response rates as high as 90% compared to 43% in the placebo group.
In addition, InterMune completed a Phase 1b trial (INFORM-1) of danoprevir and a polymerase inhibitor, RG7128 and they are planning a sustained virologic response-seeking study in the INFORM program. InterMune is continuing a phase 1b multiple ascending dose trial of ritonavir-boosted danoprevir, and currently plans to launch a Phase 2b study of retonavir-boosted danoprevir plus standard of care, PEGASYS and COPEGUS, during the second half of 2010.
(Eli Lilly Collaboration/Currently in Phase 2)
In 1999 and 2000, Array entered into collaboration agreements involving small molecule Chk-1 inhibitors with ICOS Corporation. IC83 resulted from the collaboration between Array and ICOS. Eli Lilly and Company (Lilly) acquired ICOS in 2007. Array received a milestone payment after the first patient was dosed with IC83, now LY2603618, in a Phase 1 clinical trial in early 2007. LY2603618 is currently in multiple Phase 2 clinical trials including non-small cell lung and pancreatic cancers.
ARRY-543 (Currently in Phase 1/2)
HER2 and EGFR are receptor kinase targets that are over-expressed in a number of malignancies, including breast, lung, pancreas, colon, head and neck cancers. ARRY-543 is a novel, oral ErbB family inhibitor that, unlike approved ErbB inhibitors, targets all members of the ErbB family, either directly or indirectly and has potential advantages in treating tumors that over-express multiple ErbB family members. ARRY-543 was active in preclinical tumor models that over-express multiple ErbB family members. In addition, ARRY-543 was active in preclinical models when compared to, and combined with, Herceptin, Xeloda and Taxotere – widely used treatments for solid tumors.
In a Phase 1 trial, ARRY-543 produced prolonged stable disease in patients with solid tumors who had previously failed prior treatments. ARRY-543 was well-tolerated up to 400 mg twice daily, or BID, dosing. Systemic concentrations of ARRY-543 increased with escalating doses at all dose levels tested. Sixty percent of patients receiving doses of 200 mg BID and higher had prolonged stable disease.
In a Phase 1b trial in patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, or MBC, and ErbB-family cancer patients, ARRY-543 was generally well tolerated and demonstrated evidence of tumor regression and prolonged stable disease in EGFR- and HER2-expressing cancers. Twenty-one MBC patients were evaluated: of the 12 with available biopsies, eight were confirmed HER2 positive. Of the confirmed patients with HER2-positive MBC in this study, 63% had stable disease for 16 weeks or longer. Clinical benefit (tumor regression or stable disease) was demonstrated in five of the eight confirmed HER2 patients and patients with confirmed co-expression of HER2 and EGFR tended to have the best clinical benefit. In patients with other cancers shown to over-express HER2 and EGFR, three patients, with ovarian cancer, cervical cancer and cholangiocarcinoma, respectively, treated with ARRY-543 also achieved stable disease for 16 weeks or more; the patient with cholangiocarcinoma experienced a tumor marker response that was accompanied by a 25% regression of target lesions.
Development Status: During fiscal 2010, we achieved the maximum tolerated dose and completed enrollment in three Phase 1b studies of ARRY-543 in combination with Xeloda, Taxotere and Gemzar in patients with solid tumors. We are currently evaluating future study designs for this program.
ARRY-520 (Currently in Phase 1/2)
ARRY-520 inhibits kinesin spindle protein, or KSP, which plays an essential role in mitotic spindle formation. Like taxanes and vinca alkaloids, KSP inhibitors inhibit tumor growth by preventing mitotic spindle formation and cell division. However, unlike taxanes and vinca alkaloids, KSP inhibitors do not demonstrate certain side effects such as peripheral neuropathy and alopecia.
ARRY-520 has demonstrated efficacy in preclinical hematological tumor models, with significant response rates observed in models of acute myeloid leukemia, or AML, and multiple myeloma, or MM. Treatment with ARRY-520 in MM models resulted in the regression of tumors that had previously progressed after treatment with Velcade® (bortezomib) or Revlimid® (lenalidomide). In addition, ARRY-520 was active in a wide range of tumor models resistant to other molecules with different mechanisms of action, such as the taxanes. Examination of pharmacodynamic activity in preclinical models reinforced that hematological cancers were among the most sensitive to ARRY-520.
Interim results of a Phase 1 trial of ARRY-520 as a single agent have shown promising preliminary clinical activity in patients with MM. Of 20 evaluable patients, one partial response has been observed in a patient with eight prior lines of treatment who has been on study for more than 13 months and two unconfirmed minor responses also have been observed in patients who only recently started protocol therapy. Nine patients remain on study, five of whom have been treated for longer than six months.
Development Status: Our clinical development activities for ARRY-520 consisted of the following during fiscal 2010:
- Completed enrollment in a Phase 1 trial in patients with solid tumors;
- Completed enrollment in a Phase 1 trial in patients with AML; and
- Continued a Phase 1/2 trial in patients with MM.
During fiscal 2011, we plan to initiate a Phase 2 single agent trial and a Phase 1b/2 combination trial in patients with MM.
(Novartis Collaboration/Currently in Phase 1/2)
In April 2010, we granted Novartis under a License Agreement the exclusive worldwide right to develop and commercialize MEK162, which is currently in a Phase 1 cancer trial, as well as ARRY-300 and other specified MEK inhibitors. Under the agreement, we are responsible for completing the ongoing Phase 1 clinical trial of MEK162 and may conduct further development of MEK162 in colorectal cancer. Novartis is responsible for all other development activities. Novartis is also responsible for the commercialization of products under the agreement, subject to our option to co-detail approved drugs in the U.S.
Research suggests that the MEK pathway acts as an important axis in the proliferation of some common human tumors including melanoma, non-small cell lung, head, neck and pancreatic cancers. Increasing evidence suggests that MEK inhibition, either alone or in combination with other agents, may become an important therapeutic strategy in treating cancer. We believe MEK162 will be most effective in selected populations of cancer patients, such as those with tumors having BRAF or KRAS mutations as well as in targeted combinations. We also believe MEK162 has advantages over other MEK inhibitors currently in development, including greater potency and improved safety and pharmacokinetics. MEK162 has been administered to more than 300 patients/volunteers in clinical trials for either safety assessment or the treatment of oncology or inflammatory disease. The drug has been well-tolerated and has demonstrated significant pharmacodynamic responses in the completed trials.
Development Status: During fiscal 2010, we initiated a Phase 1 dose escalation trial of MEK162 in cancer patients and established the maximum tolerated dose. Over the next fiscal year, we plan to continue an expansion trial in patients with biliary tract cancer, initiate an expansion trial in patients with colorectal cancer and initiate a Phase 2 trial in patients with KRAS mutant colorectal cancer. In addition, Novartis currently plans to initiate clinical trials in the coming year.
AMG 151 (ARRY-403)
(Partnered with Amgen/Currently in Phase 1)
In December 2009, we granted Amgen the exclusive worldwide rights to our small molecule glucokinase activator program, including AMG 151 (ARRY-403). Under the Collaboration and License Agreement with Amgen, we are responsible for completing certain Phase 1 clinical trials of AMG 151. Array will also conduct further research funded by Amgen to create second generation glucokinase activators. Amgen is responsible for the further development and commercialization of AMG 151 and any resulting second generation compounds. The agreement also provides us with an option to co-promote any approved drugs with Amgen in the U.S. with certain limitations.
Glucokinase activators, or GKAs, such as AMG 151, represent a promising new class of drugs for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes. Glucokinase, or GK, is the enzyme that senses glucose in the pancreas. GK also increases glucose utilization and decreases glucose production in the liver. A reduction of GK activity in the pancreas and the liver is typically observed in diabetic patients. GKAs regulate glucose levels via a dual mechanism of action – working in both the pancreas and the liver. The activation of GK lowers glucose levels by enhancing the ability of the pancreas to sense glucose, which leads to increased insulin production. Simultaneously, GKAs increase the net uptake of blood glucose by the liver. In multiple well-established in vivo models of Type 2 diabetes, AMG 151 was highly efficacious in controlling both fasting and non-fasting blood glucose, with rapid onset of effect and maximal efficacy within five to eight once daily doses. When combined with existing standard-of-care drugs (metformin, sitagliptin and pioglitazone), AMG 151 provided additional glucose control, which reached maximal efficacy after five to seven days of once-daily dosing. AMG 151 did not increase body weight, plasma triglycerides or total cholesterol, whether used as monotherapy or in combination with other diabetes drugs.
Development Status: In 2009, we completed a Phase 1 trial to evaluate AMG 151 in a single ascending dose study in Type 2 diabetic patients. The study evaluated safety, tolerability and exposure and blood glucose control. The study included seven dose cohorts with a total of 41 patients. AMG 151 was shown to be well tolerated at all doses. AMG 151 was rapidly absorbed and exposure was dose-dependent. AMG 151 provided dose-dependent reduction in glucose excursions in response to a standardized meal as well as reduction in fasting blood glucose.
During fiscal 2010, we initiated two Phase 1 studies, a multiple ascending dose, or MAD, trial in patients with Type 2 diabetes to evaluate safety, exposure and glucose control over a 10-day period and a relative bioavailability study assessing the effect of food and formulation on exposure. Both trials are currently ongoing. During fiscal 2011, we plan to complete the Phase 1 trial, at which point Amgen will be responsible for all future development.
ARRY-380 (Currently in Phase 1)
HER2, also known as ErbB2, is a receptor tyrosine kinase that is over-expressed in breast cancer and other cancers such as gastric and ovarian cancer. Herceptin® (trastuzumab), the intravenously-dosed protein inhibitor that modulates HER2, has been approved for HER2 positive metastatic breast cancer patients as well as an adjuvant to surgery in early stage breast cancer patients. The second indication has significantly expanded the number of breast cancer patients eligible for an HER2 inhibitor. ARRY-380 is an orally active, reversible and selective HER2 inhibitor. In multiple preclinical tumor models, ARRY-380 was well tolerated and demonstrated significant dose-related tumor growth inhibition that was superior to Herceptin and Tykerb® (lapatinib). Additionally, in these models, ARRY-380 was well tolerated and additive for tumor growth inhibition when dosed in combination with the standard of care therapeutics Herceptin or Taxotere.
Development Status: During fiscal 2010, we continued dose escalation in a Phase 1 trial to evaluate the safety, maximum tolerated dose and pharmacokinetics of ARRY-380 in patients with advanced cancer and plan to expand the trial at the maximum tolerated dose in HER2-positive cancer patients during the second half of calendar 2010.
ARRY 614 (Currently in Phase 1)
P38 regulates the production of numerous cytokines, such as TNF, IL-1 and IL-6, the increased production of which can cause inflammation and aberrant tissue proliferation. Tie2 plays an important role in angiogenesis, the growth, differentiation and maintenance of new blood vessels. ARRY-614, an orally active compound that inhibits both p38 and Tie2, has been found in preclinical models to block angiogenesis, to inhibit inflammation and to antagonize tumor growth, with a low side effect profile after prolonged dosing.
In preclinical hematological tumor models, ARRY-614 was active both as a single agent and in combination with Revlimid. ARRY-614 was well-tolerated and effective in inhibiting cytokines, including IL-6 and TNF, which play a role in the regulation of growth and survival in a number of cancers, particularly hematological cancers. As a single agent, ARRY-614 effectively inhibited angiogenesis in vivo and inhibited tumor growth in preclinical models of MM, and combining ARRY-614 with standard-of-care agents, lenalidomide and Decadron® (dexamethasone), in MM models was shown to provide additional anti-tumor effects.
Development Status: During fiscal 2010, we continued a Phase 1 trial in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome, or MDS, to determine the safety, maximum tolerated dose, pharmacokinetics and to obtain preliminary efficacy data of ARRY-614 in this patient population. Over the next fiscal year, we plan to expand this trial at the maximum tolerated dose.
(Partnered with AstraZeneca/Currently in Phase 1)
AZD8330, a MEK inhibitor partnered with AstraZeneca, is currently in Phase 1 clinical testing in patients with cancer.
(Genetech Collaboration/Currently in Phase 1)
GDC-0068 (RG7440), an AKT inhibitor invented by scientists at Array and Genentech, is currently in Phase 1 clinical testing in patients with cancer.
(Partnered with VentiRx/Currently in Phase 1)
VTX-2337, a toll-like receptor invented by Array and licensed to VentiRx, is currently in Phase 1 clinical testing in patients with cancer.
(Partnered with VentiRx/Currently in Phase 1)
VTX-1463, a toll-like receptor invented by Array and licensed to VentiRx, is currently in Phase 1 clinical testing in patients with allergies.